Does God Exist?
Can God's existence be demonstrated outside of revelation? Is there evidence within the universe or within life itself as to whether or not God exists?
Through logic and empirical observations from physics and biology, the following resource materials put forward a reasonable and rational case for God's existence.
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About the materials
These are the presentation materials for the lecture, "Does God Exist?" which was presented at the Melbourne Seventh Day Baptist Church on 6 February 2016.
About the argument
The presentation draws from a number of philosophical approaches that have been popularised within Christian apologetics in recent years. It employs the kalam cosmological argument to point to the necessity for a force outside the universe to have given the universe its beginning. It draws on the findings of physicists of extremely fine-tuned cosmological constants as being necessary to support life within the universe, and infers that intelligent design is the most probable cause of these cosmological constants. The final argument pursues the evidence of design, drawing from the amazing nano-tech machines that are contained within an individual cell.
Throughout, the argument employs abductive reasoning, which means that it interprets the evidence to infer the best explanation from the available pool of explanations. Abductive reasoning does not guarantee the conclusion, but rather, selects the probabilistically best explanation. This reasoning could be, but isn't here, allied with a Bayesian apparatus in order to measure confidence in the conclusions. (You can read more about abductive reasoning here.)
These materials are informed by:
- William Lane Craig (2008), "Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics, Third Edition." Crossway, Wheaton, Illinois.
- Roy Williams (2008), "God, Actually: Why God probably exists; Why Jesus was probably divine; and Why the 'rational' objections to religion are unconvincing." ABC Books, Sydney, Australia.
- Michael J. Behe (1996), "Darwin's Black Box." Simon & Schuster, New York.
The overall structure of the argument was derived from William Lane Craig's Reasonable Faith, drawing heavily on Reasonable Faith's chapter 3, "The Existence of God (1)." The tone of the argument was modelled on Roy Williams' God, Actually. And the inferences from biological complexity to design was indirectly inspired by Michael J. Behe's seminal Darwin's Black Box.